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are experimental or epidemiological studies to explore a scientific issue. They are broken
down into the Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion sections. The Introduction
section should include, in addition to a brief description of the aim and purpose of the paper,
important information explaining the study. The Materials and Methods section
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data collected by the author(s) should be presented without commentary in text and
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contain a summary of the current literature on a specific topic and give the reader a
comprehensive picture of the current scientific status quo. The topic of the paper is addressed in an Introduction. The Review presents the pertinent scientific publications on
the topic and in a final appraisal the papers are evaluated, while possibly drawing conclusions.
Articles from the field feature case descriptions, experience reports or practice-related
studies that do not have the scope or design of an Original Article. In the Introduction section the background or reason for the article is explained. The Methods and Results sections can be combined, while in the Discussion section the conclusions drawn from observations are discussed and, possibly, corroborated by means of the author’s own
The cited publications are listed numerically in the order first cited in the t and designated in the text as Arabic numerals in square brackets (…was observed…). The references in the illustrations and tables are numbered in the order citedin the text. All references are listed in numerical order at the end of the article. Only references of direct relevance to the publication may be cited. Only scientific publications that have already been published or accepted for publication, but not yet printed (state: ahead of print), may be featured in the list of references.
If there are six or fewer authors all names are given; if there are seven or more authors only the first three names are given, followed by et al. The authors are responsiblefor the accuracy of the references, for correct citation of the references as well as for concordance between the references cited in the text and the references given in the list of references.
1. Fallon RJ. Nosocomial infections with Legionella pneumophila. J Hosp Infect1980; 280: 299–305.
The journal titles are abbreviated as per the Index Medicus.
1. Washington JA, Barry AL. Dilution test procedures. In: Lennette EH, Spaulding
EH, Truant JP, Eds. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 2nd edn. Washington, DC:
American Society for Microbiology 1979; 410–417.
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